Mafucci Syndrome

Overview Mafucci syndrome is a rare congenital disorder of the skin and bones characterized by noncancerous growth of cartilages known as enchondromas, bone deformities, and reddish purple growths within the skin due to abnormal blood vessels. These abnormal blood vessels …

Wolfram Syndrome

Overview Wolfram syndrome is a rare genetic condition which affects several systems at the same time thus producing a classic set of symptoms. It is characterized by the occurrence of diabetes insipidus, juvenile-onset diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy (damage of optic …

Klippel-Feil Syndrome

Overview Klippel-Feil Syndrome (KFS) is a rare disorder which is present at birth and caused by abnormal fusion of the vertebral (spinal column) bones found in neck. Klippel-Feil Syndrome is primarily characterized by short and webbed neck having a reduced …

Carotid Canal

Definition The carotid canal is an important route within the temporal bone (temple) of the head. This canal provides a passage for the internal carotid artery (ICA) that circulates blood mainly to the brain, along with some autonomic nerves that …

Fordyce Spots Treatment

Overview Fordyce spots (or sebaceous granules) are characterized as small yellow/white papules ranging in diameter (1-5 mm) and are slightly raised from skin surface. These spots usually appear on genital organs, such as on shaft or glans of the penis …

Exfoliative Keratolysis

Overview Exfoliative Keratolysis (skin peeling disease) is a common condition of the skin usually misdiagnosed as dermatitis (eczema) and characterized by local flaking, eruptions and dryness mainly of palms of hand and/or soles of feet. It can also affect the …

Onychogryphosis

Overview Onychogryphosis or Ram’s Horn Nails is a medical condition characterized by the thickening and development of a curvature in the nails. It has been called as claw nails or ram’s horn nails as it causes the nails to take …