Fordyce Spots

Overview Fordyce spots, also referred to as Fordyce granules or sebaceous prominence are clusters of ectopic sebaceous glands that are not associated with a hair follicle and appear as clusters on the surface of moist organs like body cavities and …

Deltoid Tendonitis

Overview Deltoid tendonitis is an injury to the deltoid muscle which covers the shoulder joint. The deltoid muscle is a large muscle which lifts the arm up sideways and can be divided into three parts: the front or the anterior …

Malleolus Fractures

Overview Malleoli (sing. malleoli) are the bony protuberances of the tibia (shinbone) and the fibula at its lower end. Malleoli are part of ankle joint, and present on its three sides to provide support. Hence there are three malleoli, namely …

Exfoliative Cheilitis

Overview Exfoliative cheilitis (EC) is the inflammation of the lips which is an exceptional chronic condition and is basically the eczema of the lips. It is characterized by continuous peeling of the lips and the adjacent skin around it. The …

Uncal Herniation

Overview Uncal herniation is a typical type of transtentorial herniation in which uncus, which is the innermost part of the temporal lobe of brain, heads for the tentorium and eventually puts pressure on the midbrain (upper brainstem) and the oculomotor …

Tentorium Cerebelli

Overview Tentorium cerebelli is the second largest extension or fold of the dura mater after falx cerebri. In Latin, tentorium cerebelli means the ‘tent of the cerebellum’, which splits the cerebellum from the occipital (posterior) lobes of the cerebrum. Tentorium …

Falx Cerebri

Overview Falx cerebri (also called cerebral falx) is a large, double-fold of the dura mater that passes through a gap in the midline of the brain. Falx cerebri should not be confused with falx cerebelli, which is a fold that …

Iliocostalis

Overview Iliocostalis is one of the three thin and long muscles of the group called erector spinae (erigere: to erect, spina: spine) which are found parallel with the vertebral column. Erector spinae is the strongest muscle group of the back. …

Medial Pterygoid

Overview Medial pterygoid is a quadrilateral muscle and just like lateral pterygoid, it is also involved in chewing (mastication). It is also called internal pterygoid muscle. However, in contrast to lateral pterygoid, medial pterygoid performs mandibular elevation that results in …