Onychogryphosis

Overview Onychogryphosis or Ram’s Horn Nails is a medical condition characterized by the thickening and development of a curvature in the nails. It has been called as claw nails or ram’s horn nails as it causes the nails to take …

Argyll Robertson Pupil

Overview The Argyll Robertson (AR) pupil is a medical condition where one’s pupils are small and constrict poorly to direct light but briskly when a target within reading distance is viewed. So this disorder is marked by the absence of …

Fordyce Spots

Overview Fordyce spots, also referred to as Fordyce granules or sebaceous prominence are clusters of ectopic sebaceous glands that are not associated with a hair follicle and appear as clusters on the surface of moist organs like body cavities and …

Deltoid Tendonitis

Overview Deltoid tendonitis is an injury to the deltoid muscle which covers the shoulder joint. The deltoid muscle is a large muscle which lifts the arm up sideways and can be divided into three parts: the front or the anterior …

Malleolus Fractures

Overview Malleoli (sing. malleoli) are the bony protuberances of the tibia (shinbone) and the fibula at its lower end. Malleoli are part of ankle joint, and present on its three sides to provide support. Hence there are three malleoli, namely …

Exfoliative Cheilitis

Overview Exfoliative cheilitis (EC) is the inflammation of the lips which is an exceptional chronic condition and is basically the eczema of the lips. It is characterized by continuous peeling of the lips and the adjacent skin around it. The …

Uncal Herniation

Overview Uncal herniation is a typical type of transtentorial herniation in which uncus, which is the innermost part of the temporal lobe of brain, heads for the tentorium and eventually puts pressure on the midbrain (upper brainstem) and the oculomotor …

Tentorium Cerebelli

Overview Tentorium cerebelli is the second largest extension or fold of the dura mater after falx cerebri. In Latin, tentorium cerebelli means the ‘tent of the cerebellum’, which splits the cerebellum from the occipital (posterior) lobes of the cerebrum. Tentorium …