Carotid Canal

Definition The carotid canal is an important route within the temporal bone (temple) of the head. This canal provides a passage for the internal carotid artery (ICA) that circulates blood mainly to the brain, along with some autonomic nerves that …

Fordyce Spots Treatment

Overview Fordyce spots (or sebaceous granules) are characterized as small yellow/white papules ranging in diameter (1-5 mm) and are slightly raised from skin surface. These spots usually appear on genital organs, such as on shaft or glans of the penis …

Exfoliative Keratolysis

Overview Exfoliative Keratolysis (skin peeling disease) is a common condition of the skin usually misdiagnosed as dermatitis (eczema) and characterized by local flaking, eruptions and dryness mainly of palms of hand and/or soles of feet. It can also affect the …

Onychogryphosis

Overview Onychogryphosis or Ram’s Horn Nails is a medical condition characterized by the thickening and development of a curvature in the nails. It has been called as claw nails or ram’s horn nails as it causes the nails to take …

Argyll Robertson Pupil

Overview The Argyll Robertson (AR) pupil is a medical condition where one’s pupils are small and constrict poorly to direct light but briskly when a target within reading distance is viewed. So this disorder is marked by the absence of …

Fordyce Spots

Overview Fordyce spots, also referred to as Fordyce granules or sebaceous prominence are clusters of ectopic sebaceous glands that are not associated with a hair follicle and appear as clusters on the surface of moist organs like body cavities and …

Deltoid Tendonitis

Overview Deltoid tendonitis is an injury to the deltoid muscle which covers the shoulder joint. The deltoid muscle is a large muscle which lifts the arm up sideways and can be divided into three parts: the front or the anterior …