Wolfram Syndrome

Overview Wolfram syndrome is a rare genetic condition which affects several systems at the same time thus producing a classic set of symptoms. It is characterized by the occurrence of diabetes insipidus, juvenile-onset diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy (damage of optic …

Klippel-Feil Syndrome

Overview Klippel-Feil Syndrome (KFS) is a rare disorder which is present at birth and caused by abnormal fusion of the vertebral (spinal column) bones found in neck. Klippel-Feil Syndrome is primarily characterized by short and webbed neck having a reduced …

Carotid Canal

Definition The carotid canal is an important route within the temporal bone (temple) of the head. This canal provides a passage for the internal carotid artery (ICA) that circulates blood mainly to the brain, along with some autonomic nerves that …

Fordyce Spots Treatment

Overview Fordyce spots (or sebaceous granules) are characterized as small yellow/white papules ranging in diameter (1-5 mm) and are slightly raised from skin surface. These spots usually appear on genital organs, such as on shaft or glans of the penis …

Exfoliative Keratolysis

Overview Exfoliative Keratolysis (skin peeling disease) is a common condition of the skin usually misdiagnosed as dermatitis (eczema) and characterized by local flaking, eruptions and dryness mainly of palms of hand and/or soles of feet. It can also affect the …

Onychogryphosis

Overview Onychogryphosis or Ram’s Horn Nails is a medical condition characterized by the thickening and development of a curvature in the nails. It has been called as claw nails or ram’s horn nails as it causes the nails to take …

Argyll Robertson Pupil

Overview The Argyll Robertson (AR) pupil is a medical condition where one’s pupils are small and constrict poorly to direct light but briskly when a target within reading distance is viewed. So this disorder is marked by the absence of …