One of the most important joints in the body is the hip. Movements such as walking, running and jumping are made possible because of the hips. One of the strongest parts of the body is the hip because it needs to bear the body’s weight. The hip is considered a ball-and-socket joint, which is part of the synovial joints. The different degrees to rotation that the hip can perform is between 20-50 degrees and 140 degrees. Unfortunately, there are instances that can cause a person to need hip surgery. There are four different types of hip surgery; arthroscopy, resurfacing, arthroplasty, and revision.
Chronic hip pain can be one of the leading causes of hip surgery. Millions of people around the world suffer from hip pain but not everyone can qualify for hip replacement surgery. The four types of hip surgery are dependent on one’s condition. Some of the causes the would warrant hip surgery are:
- Pain in the hip
- Inability to move
- Decreased mobility
- Trauma to the hip
- Hip fractures
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Degenerative hip diseases
Types of Hip Surgery
There are four common types of hip surgery. The most common reason for hip surgery is to replace the hip. These types of surgeries include:
Before doctors need to replace the hip, surgery such as, arthroscopy, can be performed. If a hip is not severely damaged but there is extreme pain to the patient, then a hip arthroscopy can be done. During this procedure, small cuts are done around the hip, so doctors can take a closer look of the hip via camera. If need be, doctors may need to take pieces of hip or fix any damage done to the hip. This type of surgery requires general anesthesia or an epidural. No pain will be felt during this procedure because you will be receiving pain medication during and after the procedure.
To treat a hip fracture or medical conditions, hip replacement surgery is necessary. There are two ways to complete a hip replacement surgery and they are Anterior approach and Posterior approach. During the surgery, part of the thigh bone including the ball is removed to make room for the artificial ball. Three are three types of replacement parts: metal, ceramic and polyethylene. The most common type of part used is metal with a plastic socket.
This type of surgery is performed into order to replace a damage hip but not the complete hip. During surgery, an incision to the hip bone and thighbone is required to trim the femoral head. A metal shell is then inserted to the damaged part of the hip. People with hip injuries, rheumatoid arthritis and bone tumors in the hip joint opt for hip resurfacing surgery rather than hip replacement.
It should be no surprise that after a hip replacement, time can slowly eat away at the replacement hip. The wearing out of a hip replacement may warrant a hip revision. Unfortunately, this type of surgery can be riskier than a traditional hip replacement. Repairing an artificial hip joint because of infection or tear is normal. The life expectancy for an artificial hip is roughly 10-15 years.
For most people, recovery from hip surgery is no simple task. Depending on the type of surgery, age and a person’s medical condition, hospitalization time can vary. Typical hip replacement patients stay in the hospital a day or two for observation before being discharged. It is normal to experience fluid drainage during and after hip surgery. However, if the incision area becomes infected, red or swollen, it is best to contact your doctor asap. Following hospitalization, physical therapy is required. Outpatient and at-home physical therapy is a great way to get the body back into shape. For the first month or so after surgery, at-home care is essential. It is important that the incision does not get wet and to prevent blood clots. Recovery time for most hip surgery patients is within 6 months to a year.