The scalp is the bordering area around the front of the face and the sides of the neck and back. There is nothing worse than dealing with an itchy scalp because this area is usually covered with hair. There are five different layers that form the scalp. To remember the different layers, the mnemonic clearly spells out scalp. Along with the different layers of the scalp, there are five arteries that allow blood supply to and from the brain and body. How to treat itchy scalp
Layers Of The Scalp
The first layer of the scalp is the most obvious, the skin. The skin of the scalp is often covered with hair and where the hair grows. The second part is the connective tissue and contains the nerve endings and vessels. The third layer is galea aponeurotic and is full of fibrous tissue. The fourth later is the loose areolar connective tissue. This layer is not to be confused with the second layer. This layer is made up of collagens and fibers. The fifth and final layer of the scalp is the periosteum. This layer helps maintain and provide different nutrients to the skull and bones. However, when itchy scalp occurs these layers begin to feel at the surface from all the scratching.
It should come to no surprise that itchiness is one of the symptoms of itchy scalp. The other symptoms include:
- Hair loss or thinning
- Nodules or boils
There are several causes of an itchy scalp and the list below names the most common causes.
- Dandruff: Most people have had dandruff at least once in their lifetime. Dandruff causes an itchy and flaky scalp. People with oily hair or scalp tend to have recurring bouts of dandruff.
- Cradle crap: If you have ever looked at a newborn baby and thought, “wow, that’s one flaky scalp”, then you are not alone. Also known as infantile seborrheic dermatitis, this cause of itchy scalp is a baby’s form of dandruff, nothing to worry about.
- Head lice: Tiny insects that live on the human scalp can cause an itchy scalp. Head lice is often contagious and is seen among school-aged children. But do not listen to the myth that only people with dirty hair get lice, it’s not true!
- Tycoon’s cap: Unfortunately, those who suffer from alopecia have itchy scalps.
- Allergic reactions: If you have sensitive skin, then your scalp may be susceptible to an allergic reaction which can cause itchiness of the scalp.
Other causes include: unwashed hair, hair dye, hair extensions, eczema and anxiety.
It is normal for doctors to do skin scrapings or biopsies to determine the cause of itchy scalp. If an allergic reaction is the suspected causes, then an allergy patch testing is done. Doctors can easily tell you ways on how to treat an itchy scalp.
How To Treat Itchy Scalp
Not one treatment can cure itchy scalp for everyone. The most common treatment products include specific shampoos. Most people will change their shampoo to an antifungal or anti-dandruff shampoo to see the end results. Keep in mind that your scalp needs more than one-time treatment to head rid of itchy scalp.
Depending on the type and cause of itchy scalp, doctors may prescribe antibiotics, antihistamine and corticosteroids. One of the best ways to reduce or get rid of cradle cap on newborns is by using baby oil and a fine thin comb. Rub the baby oil on the affected area and leave it on for 1-hour before giving the baby a bath. Right before giving the baby a bath, use a fine and thin comb to lightly comb out the cradle cap. Do not press down hard on the scalp or pull at the flaky skin. Remember that not all ways on how to treat itchy scalp will work for everyone.
Other ways to treat itchy skin is by applying tea tree oil because it helps fight bacteria and fungus. Treat your scalp to a head mask and feel the itchiness melt away. Brushing your hair on a regular basis can help exfoliate the head and get rid of dead skin cells. Apple cider vinegar is a common household item that has diverse uses including reducing itchy scalp. This vinegar has antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties that help relieve the itchiness. If a product doesn’t work for you, then try something new.
It should go without saying that washing your hair at least 2 to 3 times a week is a must.
Avoid adding dyes or chemicals to your hair
Put sunscreen on your scalp to avoid itchy and a burnt scalp