Headaches can be a real pain in the head, literally. We have all gotten a headache or two at least once in our lifetime, but sometimes they can be so intense that it can stop you in your tracks. Migraines are frequent and recurring headaches that can range from moderate to severe and last at least 3 days. It is not easy to have a banging headache for 1 hour, let alone 3 days! There are multiple types of migraines that can cause these types of headaches. See what causes each type of migraine.
Types of Migraines
There are many types of migraines that can affect anyone. Below is a list of some, but not all, types of migraines:
- Vestibular: Along with the normal nausea and pain symptoms, vestibular migraine patients also suffer from dizziness. Vertigo can also be a symptom of vestibular migraines.
- Hemiplegic: Infants and children suffer more from this type of migraine than adults. A temporary paralysis of one side of the body occurs during this type of migraine. It is always best to seek medical attention as soon as possible because this type of migraine has similar symptoms to a stroke.
- Basilar: This migraine, also known as a migraine with brainstem aura, occurs when you have ringing in your ears, suffer from vertigo and have a low level of consciousness. Sometimes a temporary nerve block is the cause of this migraine.
- Ocular: This type of migraine effects loss vision in at least one eye. Sensitivity to light, blurred vision, blind spots and flashes are all associated with this type of migraine. Ocular migraines using go away on its own without the use of medication.
- Menstrual: This type of migraine should speak for itself due to the name. During a woman’s menstrual cycle, headaches can worsen due to menstrual cramps and the loss of blood. Luckily with some over-the-counter medication, this migraine can go away easily and only come back a few times a year.
- Migraine with Aura: If your headache occurs in boosts of 20-60 minutes but then there is some relief, then you may be suffering from migraine with aura. The symptoms are like those of all the other migraines, but it lasts for a shorter amount of time.
- Migraine without Aura: Most people who suffer from migraines have this type. The pain of the headache can go from bad to worse within 72 hours. This type of migraine usually affects one side of the head and there is a non-stop throbbing headache.
- Migraine with Aura without a headache: This form of migraine occurs in less than 1% of people with migraines. Symptoms such as flashing lights and blind spots are often seen with this form of migraine but there is no headache during the migraine.
Causes and Symptoms
Four phases make up a migraine attack and they include: prodrome, aura, pain and postdrome phase. Unfortunately, there is no definitive reason as to why migraines occur in some and not others. Some of the possible causes of migraines include:
- Food triggers
- Dietary imbalances
- Poor air quality
Symptoms of a migraine include:
- Sensitivity to smell
- Eye pain
- Pounding headache
- Sensitivity to light and sound
Often migraines can go undetected because many people may think that they have a headache. Almost a quarter of people who suffer from migraines will experience other symptoms before being diagnosed. Treated and untreated migraines can lead bipolar disorder, anxiety, depression and obsessive- compulsive disorder.
For doctors to treat migraines, they need patients to be completely honest with their symptoms, family history and medical history. But unlike other disorders, a migraine is not confirmed with just a physical exam and medical history. Doctors will use the method of 5,4,3,2,1 to determine if a migraine is present. This method reviews the duration of the migraine, the pain and the symptoms.
Sometimes over-the-counter medications can help relieve migraines. Other remedies to help relieve migraines is herbal teas, vitamins, meditation, physical therapy, messages, medication and reducing stress